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  • 冲刺2015考研英语:攻克图画作文
  • 2014/12/19 20:35:07 来源:文都教育
  •   图画作文是今年考研英语写作中出现频率最高的一类文体,考生要特别加以重视。图画作文通常是给出一幅或几幅漫画或图片。一般来说,所给图画均反映一定的社会现象或社会现实。这类作文难度较大,要求考生仔细分析图画的内容,并通过文字形式将图中所包含的思想内容准确地表达出来。考生可以将此类作文转化为三段式或四段式提纲作文。图画作文写作有如下三个步骤:

      1.认真审题

      在审题时,考生要认真分析图画所反映的内容以及出题者的意图,分析图画的表层含义和深层含义,通过表层含义分析图画真正想要说明的问题是什么,从而挖掘出其深层含义以确定文章的中心思想。

      2.确定写作重点

      审题之后,根据分析的结果列出提纲并组织安排段落,确定每一个段落的主题和写作重点,然后根据题目要求进行选材,并对所选材料再进行筛选和分类。

      3.确定写作模式

      确定写作模式实际上就是按照题目要求确定文章的整体结构。如上所述,图画作文一般可转化为三段式写作模式:

      开始段:描述图画表层含义及深层含义并由此得出结论;

      中间段:解释原因、分析结果,或进一步论证主题思想;

      结束段:发表个人评论或提出建议。

      【经典范文】

      Directions: Study the followingdrawing carefully and write an essay in which you should

      1) describe the drawing,

      2) interpret it simplications,

      3) give yourcomments。

      You should write 160—200 words。

      After thought of Nurishments

      As can be seen from the picture, amiddle-aged man holds a plate with a bowl, a pair of chopsticks, and a jar of nourishment, murmuring "to live well up to the 22nd century, it is really helpful to build up good health with nourishments." His face is as dull as dead water, his tongue is stuck out of his mouth and his posture is strange,knees bent, leaning forward。

      This cartoon poses a serious problem worthy of careful reflection: “What is a positive attitude to wards nourishment?”Misconception prevails nowadays all over the world that nourishment can make the weak strong and the sick healthy. For those believing in this kind oftheory, such omnipotent nourishment is all-cures. So they take this kind of‘magical nourishment’ excessively. However, something is far from the truth. Taking nourishment to ensure your health is nothing but an illusion. Moreover, a greatamount of fake nourishment are flooded with in the markets, which will thusdeteriorate your health after continual use。

      From the analysis above we can easily draw aconclusion: a wish is a wish, no matter how sweet it is. A good wish, however,doesn’t mean a real life! In reality, life blooms with doing exercises andtaking part in sports. Besides, proper diets are also a rewarded way to keep you fit and healthy. Give up the idea of “more nourishment and more health andyou will build a muscular body in the long run。

      短文写作中,考生应注意文章是否切题,论据是否充分;在展开过程中应注意各段内容是否围绕主题句展开,有无与主题无关的句子内容;句子之间、段落之间的连接要自然,逻辑关系要清晰;句子结构要保持完整,人称、时态、动词变化等要保持一致,单词拼写、大小写、标点要无误。这样才能写出一篇令人满意的文章。

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